Kanha Kesli


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Introduction:

Kanha is amongst the most famous wildlife Sanctuary of the India. This park is situated in the Mandla district of Central India in Madhya Pradesh, India. The Kanha Tiger reserve consists the total core and surrounding buffer area of 1945 sq km. The park received the status of the national park in the year 1955, and was formed as the Kanha Tiger Reserve in the year 1974 under Project Tiger. The main wildlife attractions in the park are tiger, leopard, bison, gaur, sambhar, chital, barasingha, barking deer, black deer, black buck, chousingha, nilgai, mouse deer, sloth bear, jackal fox, porcupine, hyena, jungle cat, python, pea fowl, hare, monkey, and mongoose.KanhaNational Park is the place that has been portrayed by Rudyard Kipling in his great novel "The Jungle Book".

Flora :
Kanha National Park is home to over 1000 species of flowering plants.[3] The lowland forest is a mixture of sal (Shorea robusta) and other mixed forest trees, interspersed with meadows. The highland forests are tropical moist dry deciduous type and of a completely different nature with bamboo on slopes (Dendrocalamus strictus). A very good looking Indian ghost tree can also be seen in the dense forest.Kanha Tiger Reserve abounds in meadows or maidans which are basically open grasslands that have sprung up in fields of abandoned villages, evacuated to make way for the animals. Kanha meadow is one such example. There are many species of grass recorded at Kanha some of which are important for the survival of Barasingha (Cervus duvauceli branderi). Dense forested zones with good crown cover has abundant species of climbers, shrubs and herbs flourishing in the understory. Aquatic plants in numerous "tal" (lakes) are life line for migratory and wetland species of birds.

Fauna :
Kanha national park has species of tiger, leopards, wild dogs, wild cats, foxes and jackals. Among the deer species Swamp Deer or Hard Ground Barasingha is pride of the place as it is the only sub species of swamp deer in India (Cervus duavcelli branderi). The animal is adapted to hard ground unlike swamp deer of the North which live in marshy swamps. Kanha National Park has been instrumental in rescuing the “Swamp Deer” from extinction. Indian Gaur (Bos guarus), belonging to the ox genus, is found in Kanha but seen mostly as winter ends. In summer gaur inhabit meadows and water holes in the park.Other commonly seen animals in the park include the spotted deer, sambar, barking deer and the four-horned deer. The latter can be seen at Bamni Dadar climb. Recently, mouse deer have also been discovered in the tiger reserve.Black buck were once found in Kanha, but became very rare for unknown reasons.[4] They vanished completely, but have been reintroduced recently inside a fenced area in the park. Nilgai can still be seen near the Sarahi Gate, while the Indian Wolf once commonly seen at Mocha is a rare sight now. Hyena and sloth bear are seen occasionally. Langurs and wild boars are common, but the pugnacious rhesus macaque is seen less often.Nocturnal animals like fox, hyena, jungle cat, civets, porcupine, ratel or honey badger and hares can be seen outside the park confines.Reptiles like pythons, cobras, krait, rat snakes, vipers, keelbacks and grass snakes are nocturnal animals, and are therefore rarely seen. There are many species of turtles as well as amphibians found in or near the water bodies.Kanha and Satpura forest being a part of Gondwana, now famous as tiger reserve, once upon a time were ruled by wild Indian Elephants

The nature lovers and wildlife enthusiast from all over the world can enjoy the parks captivating scenic beauty, prosperous and diverse flora and fauna by staying in several resorts at Kanha. The Kanha resorts can provide as the ideal base with luxury and comfort to explore this wildlife sanctuary. There are quite a lot of hotels, wildlife resorts, forest lodges and guest houses within the national park, where the visitors can enjoy a relaxed and lavish retreat amid the dense jungles. The hotels and resorts in the sanctuary will definitely mesmerize you with the warm services they offer. You can spot wild animals in their natural habitat with an undisturbed and relaxed environment, while staying at the resorts here. One can feel ensconced in the fantastic magic of nature and enjoy all modern facilities at the same time, while staying at these resorts in Kanha.

It is recommended making advance reservations as per your requirements for staying at the resorts in Kanha.

How to reach?

Reaching Kanha by Road :
Nearest cities from Kanha National Park are Jabalpur, Raipur, Nagpur. Jabalpur & Nagpur is on National Highway-7 which connects Varanasi from Kanyakumari. Anyone can reach Kanha from these cities by surface transfers. Among them Jabalpur is the closest to Kanha Tiger Reserve i.e, about 165kms. and road condition is also favourable. Routes are as follows: 

Nagpur - Seoni - Balaghat - Baihar - KanhaPark(Mukki gate).

Distances from important cities / towns  Overland

·      Nagpur : 300 km 6 hours

Reaching Kanha By Air :
One can reach Kanha National Park by a private charter plane also. There is a small air strip available near kanha in Balaghat district of Madhya Pradesh State which is about 100kms. away from KanhaNational Park - Mukki entrance gate and about 140kms from Kanha Kisli/Khatia gate.  

In addition to this, one can also reach Kanha through flights reaching Jabalpur (175kms), Nagpur (300kms), Raipur(270kms). All these airports are directly connected with flight from Delhi & Mumbai airports. JabalpurAirport is best suitable for reaching Kanha & Bandhavgarh national parks. Similarly Nagpur and Raipur cities have direct connectivity with Mumbai also. Among all of them, NagpurAirport is larger one and have more frequent connectivity with many other important cities and tourist destinations of India.

Jabalpur : 230 km 5 hours
Raipur : 230 km 5 hours

By Rail
Umaria : 35 km 1 hour
Satna : 130 km 3 hours
Jabalpur : 200 km 4 hours

Temperatures

Winter (November to February)
Minimum 04º C   
Summer (April to June)
Maximum 42ºC   
Monsoon (July to September)

Park closed owing to heavy rains

Best Time to Visit - November to mid-May
Winter (November to February)
Excellent time for watching birds & big game   
Summer (April to June)
Best period for sighting animals
Monsoon (July to September)
Park closed owing to seasonal rainfall

 

History:

Facts & Figures
Kanha Tiger Reserve resides in the Districts of Mandla & Balaghat in Central India. It encompasses an area of 1945 sq.km and is notified as tiger reserve under the Project Tiger Program. More than hundred tigers survive in Kanha besides a large number of prey animals. The Leopard survives in impressive numbers but is a rare sight. Swamp Deer, the only sub species of genus Cervus Duavceli in India its number range from 300 to 400 plus. Indian Bison or Gaur coarse grazer weighs up to one ton and is the most awesome creatures on Earth. Sambar Deer are the largest in Asia. A pack of wolf or indolent sloth bear is no less an exciting sight. Kanha offers much more come and experience.

 



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