Nagpur City History


The first reference to the name Nagpur is found in a 10th century copper-plate inscription discovered at Devali in the neighbouring Wardha district. The inscription is a record of grant of a village situated in the visaya (district) of Nagpura-Nandivardhana during time of Rastrakuta king Krsna III in the Saka year 862 (940 CE). However, tradition ascribes the founding of Nagpur to Bakht Buland, a prince of the Gond kingdom of Deogarh in the Chhindwara district. In 1743, the Maratha leader Raghoji Bhonsle of Vidarbha established himself at Nagpur, after conquering the territories of Deogarh, Chanda and Chhattisgarh by 1751. After Raghoji's death in 1755, his son and successor Janoji was forced to acknowledge the effective supremacy of the Maratha Peshwa of Pune in 1769. Regardless, the Nagpur state continued to grow. Janoji's successor Mudhoji I (d. 1788) came to power in 1785 and bought Mandla and the upper Narmada valley from the Peshwa between 1796 and 1798, after which Raghoji II (d. 1816) acquired Hoshangabad, the larger part of Saugor and Damoh. Under Raghoji II, Nagpur covered what is now the east of Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, and parts of Madhya Pradesh and Jharkhand.

 

In 1803 Raghoji II joined the Peshwas against the British in the Second Anglo-Maratha War. The British prevailed, and Raghoji was forced to cede Cuttack, Sambalpur, and part of Berar. After Raghoji II's death in 1816, his son Parsaji was deposed and murdered by Mudhoji II. Despite the fact that he had entered into a treaty with the British in the same year, Mudhoji joined the Peshwa in the Third Anglo-Maratha War in 1817 against the British, but was forced to cede the rest of Berar to the Nizam of Hyderabad, and parts of Saugor and Damoh, Mandla, Betul, Seoni and the Narmada valley to the British after suffering a defeat at Sitabuldi in modern-day Nagpur city. Mudhoji was deposed after a temporary restoration to the throne, after which the British placed Raghoji III the grandchild of Raghoji II, on the throne. During the rule of Raghoji III (which lasted till 1840), the region was administered by a British resident.In 1853, the British took control of Nagpur after Raghoji III died without leaving an heir. From 1853 to 1861, the Nagpur Province (which consisted of the present Nagpur region, Chhindwara, and Chhatisgarh) became part of the Central Provinces and Berar and came under the administration of a commissioner under the British central government, with Nagpur as its capital. Berar was added in 1903.

 

In 1803 Raghoji II joined the Peshwas against the British in the Second Anglo-Maratha War. The British prevailed, and Raghoji was forced to cede Cuttack, Sambalpur, and part of Berar. After Raghoji II's death in 1816, his son Parsaji was deposed and murdered by Mudhoji II. Despite the fact that he had entered into a treaty with the British in the same year, Mudhoji joined the Peshwa in the Third Anglo-Maratha War in 1817 against the British, but was forced to cede the rest of Berar to the Nizam of Hyderabad, and parts of Saugor and Damoh, Mandla, Betul, Seoni and the Narmada valley to the British after suffering a defeat at Sitabuldi in modern-day Nagpur city. Mudhoji was deposed after a temporary restoration to the throne, after which the British placed Raghoji III the grandchild of Raghoji II, on the throne. During the rule of Raghoji III (which lasted till 1840), the region was administered by a British resident.In 1853, the British took control of Nagpur after Raghoji III died without leaving an heir. From 1853 to 1861, the Nagpur Province (which consisted of the present Nagpur region, Chhindwara, and Chhatisgarh) became part of the Central Provinces and Berar and came under the administration of a commissioner under the British central government, with Nagpur as its capital. Berar was added in 1903.

 

However when the Indian states were reorganized along linguistic lines in 1956, the Nagpur region and Berar were transferred to Bombay state, which in 1960 was split between the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat. Nagpur is the only Indian city to have lost the status of a state capital during the reorganizaton of states. If the demand for a separate state of Vidarbha is granted in future, the city is set to regain its former status as state capital.

With Descriptive

 

Year Description
1st to 5th CENTURY In hills and hillocks of Hidimba Tekadi,40 Kms. From Nagpur near Mansar, pieces of Terracotta from Vakataka, Maruya and Shung periods have been obtained by Archaeologist, which indicates that Nagpur had a much more ancient and cherished history than assumed by the commoners.
1702 Nagpur city founded by Gond King 'BakhtBuland Shah' of Devagad, on the banks of Nag River. That is why the city was named 'Nagpur'. He founded the city by joining 12 small hamlets formerly known as 'RajapurBaraasa' or 'Barasa',
1706 After the death of Raja Chand Sultan at Nagpur, the city again went into obscurity and was gradually dominated by Bhonsle dynasty of Deor. In 1742 A.D. the Bhonsle King 'RaghujiBhonsle'ascended to the throne of Nagpur in place of Gond king 'Raja Chand Sultan'. Nagpur became the Capital of RaghujiBhonsle.
1765 Nagpur was burnt substantially in 1765 and again partially in 1811 by the marauding tribe pendharis. However, the development of city of Nagpur continued. Nawabpur, Old Mangalwari, Shukrawari Tank, Hansapuri, Jaripatka, Rajabaksha, Rambagh and Itwari areas where established and developed during Bhonsle period.
1817 In the famous battle of Sitabuldi, the Marathas lost the fortress and the city to Britishers. Britishers became the undisputed rules and monarch of the area.
1853 Nagpur was ultimately incorporated into British residency in 1853 A.D.
1853 Nagpur was ultimately incorporated into British residency in 1853 A.D.
1857 The effect of first freedom struggle was felt at Nagpur also. This laid down the foundation of many non violent, non co-operation movement.
1861 Nagpur became capital of Central provinces.
1864 The Municipality of Nagpur was established.
1867 Between Nagpur to Mumbai, a new British train route - 'Great Indian Peninsula (G.I.P) 'railway' was laid down which transformed the future of Nagpur for good. The first train steamed out of the city in 1867 A.D.
1891 On 28th December 1891, the seventh all India Congress Session was organized at Lalbagh locality at Nagpur, in which the famous from Chennai P. Anandacharlu presided.
1899 Nagpur was ultimately incorporated into British residency in 1853 A.D.
1901 The foundation of Cotton market was laid. The C. P. Club was also founded.
1905 Indora was founded.
1911 Punjabi line was founded. The English daily 'The Hitvada' was founded.
1912 Foundation Stone of VidhanSabha was laid.
1920 35th all India Congress session was held for the second time at Nagpur for which a new colony Congress nagar was laid down near Dhontoli park. In this session over 60 thousand Congress representative attended. The session was presided over by Shri. Jamnalal Bajaj. He openly supported Mahatma Gandhi as the undisputed leader of the union.
1923 Nagpur University was founded To mark the all India 'JhandaSatyagrahAandolan' a protest rally was also organized at Nagpur in which Pt. Nehru and RajrishiTondon participated.
1924 The foundation of Ramdaspeth was laid.
1925 The foundation of Lashkaribagh was laid.
1929 The foundation of New colony was laid.
1930 The foundation of Dhantoli was laid.
1934 Gondawana Club was founded and Hindi 'Navbharat' was launched.
1936-1938 The 'Hindustani Lal Sena' was found.
1940 Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose's 'Forward Block Party' organized its second all India session at Nagpur.
1942 Nagpur participated in 'Bharat Chodo Aandolan' in which Maganlal Bagdi's Lal sena actively participated. He was imprisoned and the freedom fighter Shankar was hanged.
1947 The country got its freedom from the British yoke and Nagpur also participated in this celebration. All India Radio Station was founded at Nagpur.
1950 Nagpur declared as the capital of Madhya Pradesh.
1951 The Nagpur Municipality was converted to Municipal Corporation. Same year, the foundation of 'BhartiyaJansangh' was also laid.
1956 On present 'DikshaBhoomi' Ground, Dr B. R. Ambedkar embraced Buddhism along with lakhs of his followers.
1957 On 17th Oct 1957, The 'Nag Vidharbha Andolan Samiti' was formed.
1958 The third all India session of congress party was organized at Abyankar Nagar in Nagpur.
1960 Nagpur city and district were transfered to Maharashtra State, as a part of state reorganization. Since the first session of the state legislature was organized at Nagpur, the city was assigned the status of the second capital to Maharashtra.


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